Sandstone, a widely used natural stone, is a fundamental element in both architectural and natural landscapes. Its versatile nature stems from the various sandstone rock types, each with unique properties and uses. This article delves into the world of sandstone, exploring its meaning, uses, properties, and more.

Sandstone Meaning and Properties

Sandstone is a sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-sized mineral particles or rock fragments. It often contains quartz and feldspar, two of the most common minerals in the Earth’s crust. The key properties of sandstone include its durability, strength, and ability to withstand weathering, making it a popular choice for construction and architectural projects.

Types of Sandstone

Sandstone comes in various types, each distinguished by its grain size, composition, and color. Some common types include quartz sandstone, arkose, and graywacke. Each type has specific characteristics that make it suitable for different applications.

Where is Sandstone Found?

Sandstone is found all over the world, with major deposits in India, the United States, and Europe. It is often extracted from quarries and then processed into the desired shape and size for commercial use.

Sandstone Tiles and Flooring

Sandstone tiles and flooring are popular for their rustic charm and durability. They are ideal for both indoor and outdoor settings, providing a natural look that complements various design styles.

Sandstone Price and Market

The price of sandstone varies depending on its quality, size, and source. It’s generally considered an affordable building material. In the Indian market context, sandstone falls under HSN code 2515, attracting a GST rate of 5%, making it a cost-effective option for consumers. Price starts from 18rs/-sq.ft. up to 120/-sq.ft. it depends on size, thickness, finish type & colour.

Sandstone colour

Sandstone has many colours like brown, grey, white, red, beige, black and blue it is found in Rajasthan and m.p.The color of sandstone varies depending on the minerals and iron content present in the sediment. Common colors include tan, brown, yellow, red, and gray.

Sandstone Uses

Due to its durability and aesthetic appeal, sandstone is used extensively in building and construction. It’s employed in the creation of sandstone buildings, flooring, and tiles, providing a natural, rustic look. Additionally, sandstone is used in landscaping, sculptures, and as an ornamental stone in gardens.

Sandstone in Minecraft

In the popular game Minecraft, sandstone is a block used for construction and crafting. Its virtual representation showcases the typical characteristics of real-world sandstone, such as color and texture, making it a favorite among players for building structures.

Sandstone vs Kota stone

  1. Sandstone is a sedimentary rock and Kota stone is limestone.
  2. Sandstone has a large colour but Kota stone has a limited colour

Sandstone Hns code

Sandstone hs code is 2515, it has 5% GST  in India.

Sandstone tiles

Sandstone is also available in tiles sizes just like- 60×60,60×30,60x90cm,thickness- 20-32mm in natural cut,in gang saw cut thickness- 20mm,25mm & 35mm

Sandstone flooring

Sandstone flooring is best outside the swimming pool and parking area,sandstone cobbles flooring is best near the swimming pool and car parking area and room pathway in resorts.

Where is sandstone found

It is found in Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh, in Rajasthan many colours of sandstone are found, Kota district is very famous for Rajasthan in kota,bundi, Jhalawar and bara.

Type of sandstone

There many type of sandstone is found like modak sandstone,Kandla grey sandstone, brown sandstone, red sandstone, beige sandstone, white sandstone, pink sandstone & yellow sandstone, every sandstone has unique feather.some sandstone is very soft and other are very strong.

Sandstone texture

The texture of sandstone is very famous, many types of jali, pillar, murti, chatari, gumbad and mehrab are made in pink and red colour in Sikandra Rajasthan,many types of designs are done in Sikandra Rajasthan.stone panels and siding stone.The texture of sandstone is typically gritty, and it often shows visible granules and layering.

Sandstone Building and Architectural Use

Sandstone is a preferred material for building due to its natural beauty and ease of work. It’s widely used in constructing facades, arches, pillars, and even entire buildings. Its aesthetic appeal complements various architectural styles.

Sandstone physical properties

It has its own unique physical properties, sandstone is a very stronger natural stone than other natural stone.every wastage is used in different types of production in building construction material. Physically, sandstone is known for its hardness and porosity. These properties can vary depending on the composition and how tightly the grains are compacted. The porosity of sandstone makes it susceptible to water absorption, which can be a consideration in certain architectural applications.

General properties

Variable colors & hues are found in sandstone. For instance , beige, black, brown, cream, dark brown, green, grey, light green, light to dark grey, pink, red, white, yellow, 

Darker hues of sandstone indicate the presences of organic content like clay in the compositions.These colours of sand stone presence of iron oxides in the clasts, cement, matrix of sandstone.

It has a clastic texture and is visible only with a microscope.

It is smooth to rough texture, mostly it is gritty to touch , so often hard to work.

It is sturdy , durable, weather-resistant to apply in various construction applications, including interior & exterior.

Physical properties

It has a hardness of 6 to 7, and conchoidal fractures are present.

It has coarse to fine grain size.

Sandstone is a highly porous natural stone.

It has 95.00N/mm2 compressive strength.

It has 2.6 toughness and 2.2 to 2.8 specific gravity.

The density of sandstone is between 2.2 to 2.8g/cm3

It’s specific heat capacity is 0.92kg/kg k, and it is heat, impact, and pressure resistant.

It is slight water, scratch, wind, and acid-resistant, but not stain resistant.

It’s appearance is rough thanks to high porosity , and it also makes it highly water and liquid permeable. Therefore, it is good for exterior application in the construction.

Chemical properties

Sandstone has various mineral content, like Calcite, clay, clay minerals, feldspar, micas, quartz, and so on.

The chemical compound content of sandstone is aluminium oxide, cao, iron (3) oxide, potassium oxide, mgO, sodium oxide, silicon dioxide, and soon.

Biological, chemical, & mechanical weathering are common in sandstone.

Different types of erosions have exhibited in sandstone, including chemical erosion, coastal erosion, glacier erosion, sea erosion, water erosion, & wind erosion.



Sandstone, with its wide array of colors, textures, and types, is an incredibly versatile material. Its usage in construction, landscaping, and even in digital platforms like Minecraft, underscores its timeless appeal. Understanding sandstone’s properties, types, and market considerations, such as its GST rate in India, helps in making informed decisions for both personal and commercial projects. Whether for building a majestic structure or adding a natural touch to a space, sandstone stands out as a durable, aesthetically pleasing choice.


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